ANNUAL REPORT OF TDE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION, FOB THE SCHOOL YEAR ENDING- DEC. 31, 1888. Id ANNUAL REPORT l> OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. Office Si •i'eihxtesijest of Public Instruction* TAt.LAttA.sssB, Fla., Dec. 31st, 1888. *i ;■ To Ilia Excellency, Edward A. Perry, Governor of Florida : Sik : — In accordance with the requirements of the law, I have the honor to render my report of the work of the Department of Education for the year ending Dee. 81st, 1888. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Yonr obedient servant, ALBERT J. RUSSELL, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. REPORT. The timers past, when it was necessary for the officer in charge of the great interests of popular education to feel the necessity of either argument or persuasion, to induce the peo- ple generally to avail themselves of the inestimable privilege of the public school. Every county in the State is now thoroughly organized, and in almost every settlement or neighborhood in the counties there is a school organized and operated, the door of which is wide open to every child, schools for both the white and negro chil- drcr>, and over seventy-two per cent of the children as enumer- ated in the school census of 1888, are in attendance upon them, and are being educated in the common school branches, Illitiracy is being rapidly banished from the State, as the older freedmen and their coeval family connections pass out of life, and their children are receiving the benefits of ihe school, while the children of the white population, specially of the poorer laboring classes are very largely in attendance upon them. The number of schools are being increased from year to year, as the demand of our ever increasing population requires, and our far stretching forests and plains are giving way to homes of settlers, anil heing transformed into orange groves, fruit orchards, or waving fields of cane or fleecy Met, and the tobacco plant. School trustees, parents and guardians and teachers join Heartily with school officers in their efforts to im- prove methods in teaching, and in making the school room a place where nut only the mind, but the heart and hands may be trained into practical, useful, and noble manhood and wo- manhood, training the mind, the affections and the musele up into a full roundness. Notwithstanding xll this may Ik- truthfully said of our school work, there is much yet to be done on the line of development ; we want, better equipment, appliances, facilities in every school room. I am glad to note that many counties are awake to the importance .of these essentials, arid globes, wall maps, charts of various kinds, simple philosophical instruments for intellectual diveribemeut and practical illustration of lessons studied, are now supplied, and it may be IV-rvi-ui 1 y hoped that every school in the Stale, will before very long, however humble or small the neighborhood, be thus supplied ; then the crudest log house school room will in its interior be transformed into u place of profound interest and delight lo every child, and many, many parents, will look u[ new help in the new methods of train- ing their children with approval and sdmiiation. I feel I cannot too strongly urge the supply of these very necessary helps, from time to time as the means at their command will warrant, upon the Boards of Public Instruction and the County Superin- tendents of the various counties. STATE IJtSTTTUTIONfi, The State Institutions arc also in a flourishing condition, and are doing a noble work for the Stale. The State Normal Col- lege lor th« training of while teachers, located at DeFuniak Springs, Walton county, though but in its second year, has en- rolled sixty students, young men and women, who are being prepared and trained to enter the school room as teachers of the children ot the State, aud are making great progress. The course of study in this college consists of twoyearB, embracing a study of methods, organization, and discipline, and graduat- ing at the expiration of the second year, when' the graduate will receive io addition to a diploma a first class certificate, which will be permanent. Ad academic course is also arranged for those in whose cases it may be necessary in order to qualify them to take the Nor- mal course. This course is designed to finish or complete such preparation as may have beeD received in other schools, and to supply whatever deficiencies there may be in the preparation of any student entering the college. Tuition in this college is -entirely free of any charge. The same may be said of the college for the training of col- ored teachers located at Tallahassee, except that the number of students in attendance has not been quite as large, fifty- two being the number enrolled and in attendance. The same course of study, the same opportunity for academic instruction and study as in the college for the white teachers is provided for the colored teachers ; indeed, it has been seen that there lias been much more need of this academic preparation for the colored pupils than for the white, and it is believed it is a re- sult of not having properly trained teachers in all the colored schools in the State. This it is hoped will be corrected by the work of this Normal school. I refer you to the reports of their respective Presidents, Prof. Felkel and Prof. Tucker, (colored): 1)kFu_\*iak Spcisgs, Fta., Dec. 30, 1888, To the Honorable State Board of Education : Gextlbmex : — I beg to submit the following report of the State Normal College for white students, located at this place, t< ir the year ending June 6th, 1S8H. The institution was open- ed on the first Monday in October last, with an enrollment of sixteen pupils, which number increased From week to week un- til fifty-seven names were upon our register. In our organi- zation we found it necessary to form the etriderts into two di- visions. This we did first, in order to meet '.be umqiml ad- vancement of the pupils, and secondly, that the classes might be small enough io allow the instructors to individualize as much as possible io their teaching. The latter reason men- tioned we deem an essential point in all successful school-room work, hecce it should be emphasized in normal school instruc- tion. As might have been expected in the first year of an institu- tion's existence, considerable time had to be spent in prepara- tory work, yet, notwithstanding this, the students io the main 6 have made considerable progress, and we feel assured that those who entered the advanced class will be able to complete the course prescribed within the two years. The pupils are almost, without exception, earnest and indus- trious workers, have conducted themselves with dignity and self-respect, s.nd, at all times, shown a willingness lo yield t" the direction of the faculty. Among them there is excellent material for teachers, and 1 am sure the State wilt be compen- sated through the work they will render in the scihool-room. •Nor will the State have to wait until the expiration of two years to get any return. Eleven of the students have taken schools in this and other counties for the ensuing summer, and will carry into their work the advanced methods and ideft* which we have endeavored to inculcate. Thus it will be seen that this is not a normal school in name only, but u a mattnr of fact is touching and influencing directly the teachers of the State. In December last the young men of the school org&aixed :i debating and literary society, a feature ol the institution that has helped to eive it interest and popularity. From the be- ginning the members have taken great pride in the weekly ex- ercises, and have seemed fully alive to the advantages they offered. The faculty have had general oversight and direction of the association, and we have been pleased to notice the steady improvement in the character of its work. Next year steps will be taken to form a society for the young ladies con- nected with the college. In conclusion, I will stale that I have been aided very great- ly in making the school what it is by the efficiency t»f my as- sistants. Prof. Graham is a young man of rare qualities, and as a teacher gave unqualified satisfaction, the best evidence of which is that not a word of complaint was heard against him from the- students. Miss Outerbridge, my second assistant, though wanting in some extent in adaptation and judgment, has good teaching qualities, and will undoubtedly improve with experience. I recommend them both for re-electioD. Respectfully submitted, II. N. Fklkel, President. Tallahassee, Fla., Dec. 24, 1888. Man, A. J. Russell, State Supt. Public Instruction, Tallahas- see, Fla. : Sib: — I have the honor to make the following report of tbe work of the State Normal College, for colored students, located in this city. Agreeably to the requirements of the Constitution, the last General Assembly passed an act creating the above named institution, in which a corps of teachers is to be trained who will supply the wants of the colored schools of the State. Teaching, like any other art, to be successfully prosecuted, mast have its workers specially trained. Much credit is due the teachers who have been, and are still employed in oar common schools; it cannot, however, detract from their merits to say that, owing to lack of systematic training for their work, they are not as thorongh and efficient as the needs of their pupils demand. The establishment of this college is therefore a wise, politic stroke of statesmanship, from an economic consideration, if from no other. The thousands of dollars now annually expen- ded in compensation to poorly equipped teachers will, it is to be hoped, in a few years be more judiciously paid to such as will be able to give the State a fair equivalent in their ability to imparl instruction by the most approved modern methods. The race for whom this college has been established, being keenly alive to the wants sought to be filled by it, have em- braced with readiness the opportunities it offers. They look to this institution, not only for a superior class of teachers, but for better educated persons than such as the limited course of study in the common schools can produce. In so far as their scanty means have enabled them to send their children hither, they have within the past year shown abund- ant proof of their appreciation of the Normal College. The late terrible scourge which afflicted the metropolis of the State ard places more or less dependent on its commercial life, has sensibly affected our attendance thus far this session ; we however hope that as we recede from the effects and mem- ory of that fearful visitation, the College will spring np with greater activity to the accomplishment of its mission. The first session, which began the first Monday in October of the year last past, opened with fifteen matriculates. At the close "of it the record showed an enrollment of fifty -two, with thirty-five in average attendance. The students ha^e attained to a very commendable scholarship. The faculty aim not at show and brilliancy, bnt thoroughness; this result, 1 feel sure, will in time be had, to the manifest ad- vantage of the yonth who are to come under the tuition of the teachers to go forth from the Normal College. That students may be drawn to the institution from all parts of the State without misgivings on the part of patrons relative 8 to their habits and morals while away from home, and also to enable indigent students to partly defray their expenses by manual labor, the College should be removed into the country and located on about a thirty acre piece of land, and supplied with dormitory buildings. The happy return from such an outlay would soon justify the wisdom of the act. Most respectfully, T. Db S. Tuck be, President of the State Normal College for Colored Students. BLIND AND DEAF MOTE INSTITUTE. The Institute for the blind and deaf mute youth between the ages of 6 and 21 years, located at St. Augustine, St. Johns county, is intended to take the place, to these deeply afflicted youth, of the public echool to their more fortunate fellows, founded in 1884. The buildings erected during that year, the Institute was not ready to receive pupils until December of that year, and is therefore comparatively young and new, and yet it is a source of great pleasure to me to report that an ex- traordinary work has been done. Twenty-five of these unfor- tunate ones have been in attendance, and have rapidly advanced in the acquirement of knowledge by a method peculiar to the admirable teachers employed in our Institute. Several of the younger pupils have been taught to articulate and speak word?, and some to read quite intelligibly. Tuition, board and clothes are all free in this institution to those unable to pay, tuition being absolutely free to all such youth of the State. It is designed to instruct these children in the knowledge of some useful and profitable trades-work, and the girls in house- wifery* and the duties of the home. Arrangements are now being made to perfect this department of instruction, while the Principal j Prof. Park Terrill, has been giving instruction in gardening, etc. For fuller information, the needs of the institution, and many important suggestions, I beg to refer you to his report for the years 1887-1888, on another page. To the Board of Managers of the Florida Blind and Deaf Mute Institute : Gentlemen:- -As the year closc-B it again becomes my duty 9 and pleasure to report to you tbe condition of our school, and the progress made during the past two year*. ATTENDANCE. The number of pupils in attendance during the period cov- ered by this report was twenty-five— thirteen white and twelve colored. Fifteen were boys and ten were girls. Of the blind there were six, and of the deaf nineteen, making a total in- crease of ten over the previous two years. The average attendance the past year was twenty three, an increase of thirteen, or more than double the average attend- ance of former years. IX THE SCHOOLROOM. The progress made by the pupils in their studies has been very satisfactory, and evidences unusual faithfulness on the part of teachers in their work. The system used in >hc in- struction of the deaf differs somewhat from that employed in other schools for this class, and it affords me no little gratifi- cation to be able to 'say that, after several years' trial, whether it be owing to the merits of the system or to the intelligent devotion of the instructors*, the results have fully met my most sanguine expectations. Yet better work can he done, and will be, when the school is fully equipped with needed apparatus, and sufficient teachers employed to give to each cla-s the time and attention it should have. IjEXEUALT.T. Our pupils have passed two pleasaut (is well as profitable years. Visitors have quite generally remarked that they had never seen such happy children. Iu addition to the regular schoolroom work, the boys have been instructed in gardening and such other out of door work as they could perform. The s^iris have been instructed in pliiin sewing »nd house- hold work generally, and during the past year a cooking class has been maintained ; the matron, in addition to her regular duties, giving instruction twice a week in plaiti cookery. KOJf - ATTK H I> A SC E. I would call the attention of the Board to the fact thai though our attendance has largely increased over that of pre- vious years, yst only a email per cent, of those entitled to re- ceive their education here are at present enrolled as pupils. I quote from my last report: "The principal reason for this (the non-attendance of the deaf and the blind children), is that un- 10 der onr present laws tlie attendance of pupils entirely depends on the desire of their parents and guardians to have them edu- cated, as well as on their ability to pay their traveling ex- penses to and from the Institute. "Tbe apathy with which many parents regard the question of their children's education, is appalling. This is due to a great extent to the deeper and more sympathetic affection for the afflicted ones, bin it is a serious mistake. And, as it is an acknowledged fact that every lined neated Mind or deaf person is practically dependent upon tb* public, and, in the case of the deaf, without moral responsibility, it becomes the duty of the State, for its own protection, if from no other motive, to enact laws requiring parents and guardians of such children to allow them to attend the Institute, or otherwise provide for their education. " And, further, the Slate should employ an agent who should canvass the cut in- Stale and see thai every blind or deaf child id receiving educational advantages : and where it is found that their education is being neglected, conduct them to tbe Institute "This matter is not at ail analagoii* to that of tu iking at- tendance at the public schools compulsory, for the average child, who is possessed of all his faculties, cat* make Ids way in the world in an humble sphere, without tbe knowledge ordina- rily obtained al school, but the blind or deaf child is wholly dependent for his livelihood on the trade which can only be learned at a school specially adapted to his peculiar needs. "The question is one of the gravest importance, and on the action of your honorable Board and the State Legislature, de- pends not only the mental and physical training, but the moral salvation of nearly two hundred of the afflicted children of our fair State." Tbe expense of the canvass of the State, and bringing to the school a large number of the children, need not be very great. An annual expenditure of tive or six hundred dollars per an- num during the next four or tive years, would undoubtedly be sufficient to gather within our walls the greater part of the deaf and the blind children in the State, who are now growing up in ignorance, and many of them in vice. CHANGES. There have been several changes in the corps of officers. Mrs. R. K. Terrell, who acted as^teacher during the latter part of 1886 and 188T, resigned and was elected matron in place of Mies E. M. Eppes, who resigned October 1st, 1887. On the same date Miss Kate King resumed her place in tbe Institute 1 11 as teacher, and is still with us. Last April Miss Elizabeth Laughead was added to our corps of teachers. In January last the duties of matron becoming loo laborious for one per- son, Miss L. M. Peckham was chosen as assistant. She re- signed soon after, and Miss Dora Watson acceptably tilled the place till the end of the school year. In February of the pres- ent year Mr. James A. Marshall was elected as boys' attend- ant, which office he still holds. HEALTH. During 1887 we had considerable sickness among our pupils, which was directly attributable to malarial iiiHuenceK, emaua- line; from several stagnant ponds near the Institute. These hav« since been filled or d famed, since whin there has been no serious 3ickness in the school. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. Thanks are due the Times-Union and the good people of Jacksonville for an abundance of Christmas gift* and money to buy raort. To little Gibbs White, of Cedar Key, who wanted Santa Claus to take her share of gifts to the deal and blind children at St. Augustine.* To the Rev. C. C. McLean, Mr. O. IX Seavey, Mr. Bowman and others of St. Augustine, who contributed liberally to the Christmas cheer. To Mrs. J. Gummell, to whoso generosity the children owe a delightful day spent on North Beach, and the subscription price of several periodicals. To Mr. M. R. Bean, for free transportation to and from South Beach. To the Southern Espresa Company, and the J. St. A. & IT. U. Railroad Company for free carriage of Christmas boxes. The following named papers have also been received free during the past two years : Tbc Florida-Times L'uion . published at Jacksonville, Fin. News-Herald " " H jrldian " Tallahassee, " St. Johns Weekly and Cbroniule " St. Aujrustlnc " Mute's Ctironiele " Columbns, O. Deaf Mule Voice " Jockton, Hiss. Deaf MuleBullelln " Frurterirk, Md. Mate's Companion " Faribault, Mlmi. 8 ilcut Observer " Knosvllle, Tenn. Mule Rans. -r " Dallas. Texas. Juvenile BtDger " " 12 Kansas Star " Olftthe, Kan. Tablet " Romney, W. v*. DeaT Hate Times " Delavan, Wis. Respectfully submitted, Pabk Tebreix, Principal. St. Augdstlne, Fla., Dec. 31st, 1888. STATE AGRICCLTORAt, AXD INDUSTBIAL COL LEG K. The State Agricultural College, located at Lake City, Colum- bia county, has had its impediments and hindrance* common to all institutions of higher education during these five years of its young life ; but I have reasons now to believe that the crisis is passed, and that the College will move gradually on its way of blessing to our young men. Prejudice and false- hood must give way before demonstrated truth and actual ex- perience, and the people will see for themselves that all is beiug done which can be honorably done to give the State and her young men the very best possible opportunity for higher culture. While it is designed to give a thorough literary and scientific course at this College, it is also determined that the best opportunity shall be given (or a full course in theoretical and practical agriculture and horticulture, with full instruction as to field, grove and orchard ; also a full course in mechanic trades or the essential points in them as relates to general tool craft, construction ami ornamentation, so that when a student leaves the College versed and learned in the books', and in science and mathematics, he will carry with him a knowledge of the very practical side of busy life, which will qualify him better to meet all ol" its demands and cause birn to realize the value of the knowledge possessed by the great army of skilled toilers in the country. MILITARY. A military training and discipline is also given to every Student, engrailing apou the lite and character system and method in every undertaking, teaching implicit and honorable obedience to vested authority. KiJflPMKNT. The College is admirably equipped and furnished, and is in every respect a school inviting to the parents of sous to whom they desire to have imparted a College education. Parents or (Undents may select either course — the literary alone, or that with the agricultural or industrial, or the agricultural alone, or that with the industrial, according to the desire or ability to take these or any of them. All must take the military in- struction, as from that comes the discipline of the school. Tuition at this College is also free of any charge, and the 18 cost of the living of the students by a system of messing or college management has been reduced to about ten dollars a month, so that the coot of an education in the College has been reduced to a minimum, while all is under the eye of the Presi- dent and faculty. While this is not, nor can be, a religions or sectarian school , if, is the constant care and desire of the President to lead the mind of the students toward God as the creator and benefactor of the human race, and that '* the whole duty of man is to fear God and kepp His commandments.' 1 To this end uusec- tarian devotional exercises are held as opening exercises every day, so that while the mind is being developed the morals of the student is also looked after and guarded. It will not b«" many years before Florida will have a college comparing favor- ably with any institution of ihe same class in the country. It is supplied with an excellent corps of instructois in its faculty — gentlemen of high and broad culture, devoted to their profes- sion and gentlemanly honor, and with these admirable and essential qualities they are earnestly striving to endow the youths submitted to their training. isiHismiiAL training. Mechanic Art Hall, the work-shop of the College, was built during the va&ition last summer, is a large commodious build- ing, and is supplied with work benches, felts of wood working tools, lathes, jig-saws and many other mechanical appliances adapted to the first years' course in the mechanic arts. The instructor is admirably adapted to his novel aud peculiar field of instruction, and is doing an excellent, work. Every student is taking this course of instruction, and it is a pleasant scene to see this large work-shop, .50x90 te.et, with from forty to sixty stalwart boys with their long aprons upon them, sawing, turn- ing, chiseling, nailing, mortising anil fitting various construct- ive joints, developing and equipping both brain and brawn, resulting in an intensely practical education. WELCOME. All parents, guardians, and friends of education are made welcome when desirous of inspecting and examining for them- selves, and are earnestly invited. There are now fix by pupils enrolled and many more expected to eater during the next month. SEMINARIES. The two Seminaries, State Institutions, one being designed for that part of the State east of the Suwannee river, and one for that part west of the same river, the former is located at 14 Gainesville, and the latter at Tallahassee, the capital of the State. Both of these seminaries are excellent schools and af- ford a full academic course. Each of these schools are designed lor the pupils' from all over the division of the State for which they have been located, and the Presidents of both are ex- ceedingly desirous that the people alt over these districts shou hi avail themselves of the admirable opportunity offered, and attend upon the exercises. The presence of the dread pestilence in the eastern part of the State, p -even ted the regu- lar timely opening of the seminary at Gainesville. Col. E. P. Cater, President, writes, however, that he is assured of a good and prosperous opening for the spring term, beginning Jan. 2d. 1^89, and has engaged sixty pupils, representing a "majority of the counties composing the district in which it is located. This is an excellent school, designed by its manage- ment and faculty to give a highly practical and useful educa- tion, I regret I. have not a full and complete report from its Board of Visitor?. The seminary for the west opened very nearly at the regular time, and now has fifty students under the excellent presidency of Col. G. il, Kilgar, assisted by an aide corps of teachers, and though ihe roll ot pupils is not as large by several hundred as it should be from so large a district and so popnlous, yet I doubt if a more earnest, studious and admirably deported school can he found in the South. The course of study has been fixed high, and is designed to be a thorough course. I refer to the report of the President, Col. Edgar, for a more 'de- tailed report of the work, and the wants and necessities : Tallahassee, Fla., Dec. 3 1st, 1888. Hon. A,, J. Russell, Stale Superintendent pitMic Instruction . ' Dear Sir : — I hereby submit a brief report of this institution for the year closing to-day. The reorganization of the Seminary, effected in September, 1S87, and outlined in my first annual report, has been fruitful of good results to the institution. The elevation of the stand- ard and the extension of the course of instruction, necessitated the rejection of thirty or more applicants for admission during the academic year ending June 8th, 1883; but the seven ty-dix students matriculated were quite as many as the faculty could thoroughly drill in the subjects :,o be reviewed and studied to conform lo the new regime. Indeed, at the intermediate ex- aminations, in February, it was I'ouud necessary to divide the lower high school class and to employ an additional teacher, to enable the (acuity to round up the work of the year in a satis- factory manner. 15 I am glad lo be ahta en report that the progress oi a large percnlage of the students was excellent, and that, some in each class distinguished themselves by their persevering efforts, by the grade of scholarship ibey attained, and by i!ieir exemplary deportment both in and out of school. At the close of the ses- sion, a gold medal was awarded by the Hoard of Education to the student in eaofi class who attained tho highest average on examination, and an additional golil medal was awarded by Mr. K. W. Clarke, ot* Tallahassee, to the student who attained the highest average in sun lies and deportment. The work of tin* year was closed, 8th of June, by appropriate public exercises in which the students, the President ot the faculty, the President of the Board of Education, and the Go) -• ernor of the tit tc participated, and the sentiment was general- ly expressed that the result* attained were of the most satis- factory character, in view of the obstacles necessary to be sur- mounted in the reorganization of the institution. O wing to the failure of not a few of the students to pass the required examinations, ami to the scare produced in the sum- mer and fall months by the prevalence of yellow fever in some of the towns and cities in the eastern pin of the State, fewer students have been matriculated this session thaD were matric- ulated during the same period last year ; but it is hoped that the number will be appreciably increased as the session pro- gresses, and that through faithful teaching by the taoutty, and the fostering care of the li »rd of E location and of the people, the institution may steadily develon, and we long to make its influence felt for good throughout the entire State. The present corps of students is organized into four classes — two high school and two collegiate. In two mure years the institution will have the complement of collegiate classes, and he prepared to graduate students in both the scientific and literary courses usually taught in Ameri- can colleges. One. of the features of this year, ia the introduction of draw- ing as one of the regular studies of each class. If the neces- sary funds can be secured it is proposed to make drawing the basis of a course -of industrial art for both sexes, which without interfering with the scientific and classical training, which experience has proven to be so essential to liberal cul- ture, will develop the mind along the line of the muscles, so as to enable the student to give material expression to his thoughts and to gain a practical judgment of the arts of life, so often wanting in cultured men, and yet so necessary to equip youth for the exigencies of life. 16 I am glad to report that some much needed additions bare recent); been made to the chemical apparatus, and that a few- valuable reference books have been bought. But the institution must have new buildings, more ample ap- pliances and a larger facalty, to Garry oat the various objects set forth in its charter and the plans of the honorable Board of Education as to its development. I earnestly invoke your aid and that of His Excellency, the Governor of the Commonwealth, in the effort to secure the ne- cessary funds from the legislature lo accomplish these ends. Respectfully submitted, Geo, M. Edgar, President. teachers* rssTrruTes. As is my custom, as soon as the schools were all closed for the summer of this* year, I organized a series of county Insti- tutes, providing a double corps of learned and experienced in- structors, and notified the County Superintendents of time and place, and held tli em in Gadsden at Quincy two weeks, in Sumter at Wild wood one week, in Lake at Leesburg one week, at Dade City for Ih-rnando and Pasco, at Mannville for Citrus county, at Arcadia for DeSoto county, at Kissimmee for Oace- ola county, it New Troy for Lafayette county, at Perry for Taylor county, and at. Lake City, two weeks, for colored teach- ers from all t:ounties, making eleven counties thus visited and instructed. Full numbers of teachers, patrons, advanced pu- pils and the people attended these Ii slilutes, and we feel as- sured I hat much good was accomplished, and greater zeal in- spired in every one, teacher and people. These Institutes have universally been the most effective instrumentality in the hands of the State Superintendent in awaking an interest and crea- ting an enthusiasm in the minds and heart* of the people in favor of popular education and the public school; and I earn- estly hope the Legislature will see tne wisdom of continuing the appropriation and of increasing it a few hundred dol- lars. The cost of these Institutes for 1888 was $1 ,387.22, vouchers for which are on file in this office and ready for ex- amination. A State Teachers' Institute was also held during the month of March at DeFuntak Springs, at which a large number of teachers were present and interchanged thought, query and experience relating to the work, lectures upon special subjects by prominent teachers were delivered and were then open for discussion by the Institute. A more earnest, diligent and en- quiring company of teachers it has never been my privilege to 17 see, and certainly the whole programme was voted as highly interesting, edifying and instructive. CONVENT] OX OF SUPERINTENDENTS. A Convention of Connty Superintendents was called at the same time and place, as required by law, and though only sev- enteen counties were represented by their Superintendents, these found much to interest and instruct them, their exchange of ex- perience in the management and euperin tendency was inspiring to some and encouraging to others. Some of the persona! experi- ences of some of these in getting around their large counties, the distances some would be required to travel on horseback or on foot, after having visited all schools on the lines of railroads and steamers, would make many a city Superintendent blnsh if he had ever complained of his work or thought his tisk too se- vere. THANKS. Our thanks are eminently due the railroads of the Stale for the mere nominal rate of fare given the teachers and school offi- cers, one-naif cent per mile each way, and to the officers of the Chautauqua Association tor reduced cost of living while there in atieiiauc>* upon the Institute. Had it not been f>r this liber* ality we could not have had such an assembly. INCH EASE is SCHOOLS. It will he appropriate, as this year close* your adminisl ration to show the increase ami growth of the Department of Educa- tion ilitrinj; the years embraced in your term of office, embrac- ing the years 1 885-1 888,- inclusive; it is as follows : The increase in the number of youth of the school age (between 6 and 21 years) since the last school census is 39,00'), Recording to the census taken this year, 1888, the census preceding being taken in 188*. The increase in the number of schools for the four years is 745. The increase in total attendance upon the schools is 24,012, and in daily average attendance 17,249. The in- crease in the amount an<l value of school property owned by the various counties is $335,000. Steadily have neat and com- fortable and welt furnished school buildings taken the place of the loir home and uncomely building, ami in the cities and towns very Urge, commodious and haudsonib buildings have been erected and dedicated to the education of the youth. In 1882 the Superintendent reported $33,532 as total amount expended for school purposes. This amount may certainly be raised $34,000 for counties not reporting at that time, which 2d 18 would make the total $117,532. The total amount expended for schools for 1888 is $484,110.23, making an increase of ex- penditure of $366,678.23. The increase in the Common School Fnnd ia equally grati- fying. In 1882 it was $326,420. VI, for this year it ia $500,400, showing an increase of $173,977.29. In 1884 there was distrib- uted of the one mill tax $27,000 in round numbers, this year there was distributed to the counties, according to the respect- ive school population, $74,000 to round numbers, showing an increase in the one mill tax laid by the Constitution of $47,000, and this left $3:), 000 not distributed because not collected at the time of distribution, but since paid in. NCUHEB OF SCHOOLS, AC. The number of schools opened and operated this year is 2,249, an increase ov^r 1887 of 145 schools. There are 2,413 teacher* employed, 1,793 white anil 020 negroes. The reason for the disparity in uumbers is that the negro population is centered about tile cities, towns and villages, ami in several counties of the State there are not enough of them to form a school, while the whites are largely engaged in farming and are scattered through the counties, demanding many small schools, while the negroes are gathered into large graded schools. INDUSTRIAL TKAINtNO. It lias been a special effort on the part of the Stale Board of Education to introduce this feature of practical educaliou into the whole system, and I am glad to report, very considerable success, a* already referred to at the State College. The Normal Colleges, and many of the larger of the city and village schools are giving earnest attention to this useful branch of a practical education, giving to the children of the poor and those of mod- erate circumstances, the advantage of the books, and also an insight into the useful and honorable trades and mechanic pursnits. COXG RATU L ATI OX. I can most assuredly congratulate the people of Florida on the rapid growth of her public school system, and the usclul features of her school work in leading her children to know that there is not only utility in the trades, but that honor re- sides in their pnrsuit. PBITATE SCHOOLS. There are 137 colleges and private schools reported by the County Superintendents of the State, all of which are enjoying a wholesome patronage. 19 Notable among these are Rollin's College, located at Winter Park, and though not sectarian, under Congregational auspices, DeLand University at DeLand, Baptist auspices, Florida Con- ference High School and College at Leesburg, M. E. C. South ; St. John's River Conference College, at Orange City, M. E. Church, and many others of excellent character. REFRBEXCE TO TABLES. For a more detailed knowledge* of the school work, the finan- cial relations, the number of teachers employed, the number of each sex, the number of those holding first class certificates, the school census of 1888, and many other important matters, I respectfully refer yon to the tables carefully prepared and following this report.. REGULATIONS. I have had printed in my report, the full and complete reg- ulations carefully prepared hy myself, under the requirement of the law and approved and adopted by the State Board of Education, and promulgated throughout the State, ami call the attention to all interested. In examining theBe it will be set it that the State Board stresses the matter of thoroughly teach- ing the children the awful evils of the drink habit and the use of narcotics, and School Hoards and County Superinten- dents and teachers are called upon to see to it that tins is done, they also press the matter of industrial training iu all the schools as far as practicable and at all times. BLANK FOEMS DISTBIBLTBD. I have for the year 1888- 1880 mailed or expressed the fol- lowing blank forms, required by the law, to I he various coun- ties as their County Superintendents have required them, 1,500 copies of the School Law, 1,772 School Registers, 10,095 Teacher's Monthly reports, 2,283 Teacher's Contracts, 5:j:i Second-Class Teacher's Certificates, 589 Third-Class Certifi- cates, 425 Blank Appointments of Trustees, and 475 Blank Ac- ceptances of same. AEBOR DAY OBSERVANCE. In cheerful and profitable compliance with your Proclama- tion, setting apart the eighth day of February, 1888, as Arbor Day, and inviting all the schools to join heartily in suitable exercises and the planting of trees, hardy herbs, vines and Dowers, I have the honor and great pleasure to report a deep interest in the observance of the day, on the part of the State institutions and public schools, as well as the patrons and friends of the schools. I am greatly pleased, and am sure you will enjoy the same 20 experience, to be able to report the great interest man i tested in the recurrence of tbia delightful and very profitable observ- ance, on the part of all the people ; they realize the truly ed- ucational and ennobling influence exerted as well as the profit- able effects and are desirouB for a continuance and permanency of the day, with its delightful exercises. The following state- ment wilt be of interest: 450 schools are reported as participating, 21 counties report* ing 18,542 pupils taking part in the exercises, 4,408 pat- rons and friends present, 7,490 trees planted. The following State institutions are reported as taking ear- nest interest in the day. and its work and observance: The State Agricultural College at Lake City, the West Florida Seminary at Tallahassee, the East Florida Seminary at Gaines- ville, the State Normal School for While Teachers at DeFu- niak Springs, and the Blind and Deaf Mute Institute at St, Augustiue. The exercises, as reported by the various superintendents, consisted of short lectures by teachers and friends upon the importance of the trees iu their varied relations to life, composi- tions and recitations by the pupils, songs and glees, all of which were calculated to uplift those who participated, and to en- Ligliteo the mind and enlarge the affections, ennoble the senti- ments and inspire the sympathies ; it is a universal desire that the day be perpetuated. CONCLUSION". I cannot close this report without expressing my warm ap- proval of those with whom I have only been a co-worker, the County Superintendents without exception, the Boards of Pub- lic Instruction, the teachers and the people have all heartily sustained me and cheerily entered the work with me, and for them all I cherish the highest sentiments of esteem and regard, and to your Excellency for the irnfailiiig support, encourage- ment and sustenance you have given me. A. J. RUSSELL, State Superintendent Public Instruction. REGULATIONS PREPARED BT THE STATE SUPERINENDRNT OF PUBLIC IN8TRTJC. TION AND ADOPTED BT THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION, I OFFICEKS. Regulation 1. — Qualifications. — Persons, to be eligible to appointment to offices in this department mast be wefl en- dorsed as possessing, substantially, the following qualifica- tions : "They are personally known to ns as citizens of good moral character, upright, responsible, possessing a fair education, and desirous of extending the benefits of free public instruc- tion to all classes of youth. As officers, they will be found competent, impartial and faithful in the performance of their duties. For these reasons we commend them for appointment." Regulation 2. — School Trustees will be governed, in the general management of their affaire, under the directions of the Board of Public Instruction of the county. Regulation 3. — School Tkcstees. — One good, competent Trustee, who will take a lively interest in the affairs of the school, is sufficient. When the responsibility is divided among several, they will be more likely to neglect the work than one man, when the duty is laid upon him. Trustees are to be recommended by the patrons or the school, but the County Superintendent may exercise some discretion in nominating them. TIME OF ISSUING CEETTFieATES. Regulation 4.— Although a Board of Public Instruction may examine teachers and grant certificates, at any time, or authorize the County Superintendent to do so, which may con- tinue in force in the county for one year from date, yet it may be found desirable to fix upon certain days and places at which this particular duty will be attended to. Certificates may be issued to expire within the year, to correspond with the times of holding the meetings. By such an arrangement, both the board and the teachers would be accommodated. Ample notice should be given of all such meetings by the County Superintendents, so that every teacher, or person de- 22 ■irous of teaching, may have the opportunity of preparing for the ex ami nation. Regulation 5. — Teacher's Certificates op the First. Class will be granted by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction to eminently successful teachers of the second class who, on examination, answer 85 per cent, of the ques- tions submitted in the branches usually taught in high schools. Graduates of normal schools may receive First- CI ass Certifi- cates without examination, who hold diplomas from colleges of undoubted reputation and other colleges in which Pedagogics are taught. No exception will he made to this regulation ex- cept the State Superintendent shall have strong and satisfactory reasous for the same. Regulation 6. — Third and Second-Class Certificates will be issued by the County Boards of Public Instruction based upon the following : Any person, to be considered a teacher in the meaning of the school law, or entitled to compensation for services or any of the privileges and immunities of a teacher, must, at the time of performing the services or claiming the immunities, hold a teacher's certificate unimpaired by suspension, revocation or limitation. Eligibility. — A candidate for teaching, to be eligible to an examination, must produce satisfactory evidence of being of strictly temperate habits, and maintaining a good moral char- acter. Aud — 1st. To be able to read intelligibly from any school reader in common use, and properly leach the same. 2d. To spell correctly the words of any ordinary sentence. 3d. To be able to write well and teach the same. 4th. To solve readily the questions involving the rules of arithmetic, to square root, and to explain the principles on which their solution depends. 5th. To have a general knowledge of geography : as the lo - cation and boundaries of continents; the relative positions of the principal countries, oceans, seas and rivers ; the boundaries and capitals of the United States aud of the several States and Territories, and the counties and rivers of Florida. 6th. To have a general knowledge of the history of the Uni- ted States and of the State of Florida 7tb, To have a good, practical knowledge of school organ!" 23 * ration, classification, management and discipline, and of the arts of interesting youth and imparting instruction. Remark. — No certificate will be issued to applicants who, on examination, fail to answer 75 per cent, of the question sub- mitted in the above branches tor a Third Class Certificate. The following for a Second Class Certificate: Second Class, — In addition to the foregoing'qualifications, a candidate for a Second Class Certificate must, on examina- tion, be able — 1. To read with ease and accuracy. 2. To write a plain, free hand, and teach the same. 3. To spell correctly. 4. To solve readily the questions in any practical arithmetic in common use. 5. To have a good knowledge of geography. V 6, To be familiar with the English Grammar, so as to apply its principles correctly in composing, spelling and punctuating a letter, or any ordinary sentence. 7. To have a good knowledge of the outlines of general his- tory, and especially that of the United States and of Florida. 8. To be acquainted with the elements of book keeping. 9. To understand and be able to explain the principles which underlie the branches taught. 10. To understand well the proper organization, classifica- tion, management and discipline of a school, the improved methods of teaching, and possess good aelf-c onjjpl. No applicant will be awarded a certificate who, on examina- tion, fails to answer 80 per cent, of the questions proposed in the above branches. Regulation 7, — The State Board of Education are deeply impressed with the fact that the large majority of the child ren- in attendance upon the public schools are the children of the poorer people, and will fill the large and important classes of farmers, workmen, mechanics and artisans of the State, and that to impart to them only the knowledge to be derived from the school books, excellent and necessary as it is, will but illy equip them for the sphere of life to which in Providence and circumstances they are very sure to be called, are still more impressed with the necessity of imparting to them some know- ledge (to the boys specially) of the useful and necessary tools and implements used in the arts and trades, and to the girls some training in sewing, cookery and housewifery in general 24 hy simple illustrative lectures or talks upon their use, and the general principles involved, so that a taste may be cultivated for these very useful and important vocations in life, and some knowledge imparted of them, but mainly to impress them with a true and proper conception of the honor and dignity of hon- est labor. County Superintendents and Boards of Public In- struction are urgently an rl specially called upon to give their earnest attention to this very important feature of school work and instruction. Regulation 8. — The evil of intemperance abroad in the land demands the attention of all true men and women everywhere, that its tide may be turned back, and the great social evil abated, therefore the State Board of Education calls upon all County Superintendents and County Boards of Public Instruc- tion to see that the pupils are from time to time, as the regu- lar work and duties of the school will permit, impressed with the evils flowing from the use of intoxicants and narcotics morally, physically, socially and financially, so that a whole- ijome conception of ihe evil and ruin wrought by them may be had by every pupil. Regulation 9. — As the spirit of the school law clearly in- tends to prevent entanglement at all possible by contracting or bargaining among members of the County Boards of Public Instruction, therefore the State Board of Education would most earnestly admonish all members of these Boards to en- tirely refrain from the employment of persons in any manner who are nearly allied to them by by the ties of relationship, spe- cially of a close nature, and would especially suggest to thoge who in the past have been thus situated to free themselves at onue of the entanglement, and tbat in the future no one will be recommended for appointment in any relation in the school work who contemplates such employment. A very considerable part of the dissatisfaction which does Hxist in some school neighborhoods is created by this condi- tion of affairs, and the general cause of education in the State must be relieved of it. Regulation 10. — All teachers should of their own purpose seek from time to time to advance the class of their certifi- icates by diligent and persistent study and the constant read-. ang of the best journals of school work, and books treating methods, discipline and government of the school, and so pass Irom the lowest to the highest grade of certificate, and carry with it the increased capacity for the true work of the school room. County Superintendents discovering a disposition on the f c 25 part of certain teachers to remain content witli an y certificate they may be fortunate enough to obtain, exhibiting no desire to rise higher or to become better qualified for their important work, should at once report the same to the Boards of Pnblic Instruct ion and recommend their removal from the corps of teachers in the county. The authority for mating these Regulations will be found in the School Law Pamphlet, pages 7 and 8 t section 13, clauses 5th and 11th. i c ^ . 27 Taelb No. 1. t consuls. o a i. O a — H SID SB ■I = = = ~ ISP wig" if 5 = If© < h h Bg*8 K Number of Col- ored Cltlkl ran Enrolled. w— § a Is a£5 ^ V — no 35 51 32 20 44 71 37 6 7S 45 40 7 65 70 28 72 37 74 58 43 50 4!) 17 9 70 Ss 34 103 SO 75 23 62 74 35 35 59 41 00 23 60 26 63 41 5179 937 2112 B8t 769 1192 3149 -662 180 4312 1400 3075 465 2965 aoK 070 .. 1181 3484 3652 945 3376 1364 338 235 1937 38S9 867 4959 1063 2069 2494 696 2179 2553 1028 \m 2078 1391 2681 702 1909 720 1421 1421 756 1*63 391 447 73» 2042 455 1*8 3284 942 2107 389 1838 1132 467 law 751 1994 2032 640 2457 970 241 158 1412 2753 754 SO08 MB 1723 1753 491 1842 lata 700 1047 1453 922 I860 133 1490 464 909 899 53.130 2266 786 1690 465 584 893 1594 573 ISO i«sa 1400 ma 388 1U12 1331 437 2041 1106 15S4 837 911 532 1031 186 226 1503 1632 832 2111 4«ll 1106 1859 646 ■.'1147 1465 1014 1089 1597 986 1543 MB 1406 491 1290 1075 2913 138 422 85 185 300 1555 90 2390 1195 107 1953 »«: 239 309 15 1953 2765 34 2844 4*3 152 9 494 aaaa 35 582 963 635 50 m 1088 14 *» 481 405 1138 42 503 230 136 336 in 30 43 28 19 37 146 24 6 49 45 34 4 31 49 i0 64 30 44 m 41 20 m n 8 56 m 33 65 5 4U 64 22 58 52 35 29 49 33 46 n 47 IB 4B 33 1.336 a 9 4 7 7 25 3 *"S9 "is 3 S4 21 8 6 I 30 27 1 30 10 6 14 3S 1 38 1 16 11 1 4 22 "*8 10 8 23 1 13 8 5 8 513 89 50 88 26 CJuy 40 77 29 (V DO 67 10 OH 88 79 89 74 02 4-J 56 49 17 in 78 100 35 123 20 .67 8B 24 Polk 67 78 38 64 49 72 23 17. Wnkolla 88 Walton 43 41 2,249 82,323 50 696 33572 2,419 ^ 2S Tablk NO. 3. Aliichua Biker Bradford Brevard ■ i:ulhoon City... Colombia . , . . t-ittnf .-. Dade... Dnval iieSoto Escambia franklin Wad ad en Hamilton Hernando Htllsbntontrh. Holmea . .tactsoa Jefferson. ... La fay oil e. u $3.1113,000 00 544,308 00 1,124,783 00 1,007.474 on 352,SS2 h i,aoo,ouo w 1,600,403 do 874.752 on 0.640.610 no 1,983.04 ' HI 3,*4».7Ss mi 405,427 I*' 1.U18.14W Hi' 1,0*2,106 00 SWO.OlMi imj 3,2CW,0M (Ki ;U2.064 hi 1 ."lit, !■•».'. Ill 1,800,0011 in.. sa^.si!-'." Leon. | 2,008,413 00 3 Levy 1,101 Mono s Libert)' ' 2»,01200 2 Lee 876,83400 Lake.... s.724.;ji; o| Madison.. l.aOO.lmi oo Manatee | i,U;,w» 40 1 4 ' 5 Mstnun 4.222,2"o Monroe 1.401,468 «ii 4 .ft 1 N««1UI 2.684.3*1 00 1 Orange .... ' 4.052.5:.; 00 Oitr-eok. 1.087.806 oil 1 Polk 3,600,0UO0Q[ Putnam 4,130,603 oo! 1'ast-i 054.329 001 fit. John* 2.2&o,87u 00 Santa Bom Smnter. Suwannee. . . Tavlor Vol tula Waknlla w'al ton Washington. Totalt 1,2*2*00 00. l.Tlu.oiaoo ],iTt>,;«8 cm! 3,99i,672 01 MMM BO 1.122.774 (XI 769.6ST00 fa), 800.871141 1 3'i :. *H (|, 5 3 31 ^4 3 4 $21,970 73 1 $1,769 87 2,003 52 4,783 «W 3,582 59 1.831 33 7. SIT 74 li.lKk'i 0« 8,881 M 34511") 37.705 80 14,955 73 2.448 58 3.0113 49 8,8ffl 7(1 4,843 77 15.075 07 1,738 55 O.H*',l 61 4,S7S 70 ... 4-. ILi 6.955 57' i,ii4 aa 4.. r i7rl 08 14 BH H a.on m 8.044 85; 17.967 2:11 ai07 88| 11,530 00 T7,il4 74 1.*!* iv 15. o w no 14.566 32 0,187 841 S.247 l« 7,143 60 8,725 5,-, 7.760 16 1,371 5$ 10,072 W 1.90595 5,641 lu 3,270 10 1*377.: $377.238 V. 290 30 872 SO 224 01 234 21 400 90 788 03 170 99 15 86 2,150 78 343 10 1.4H- Hi 238 53 1.086 68 112745 191 75 m a» 328 78 1,197 7U 2,276 05 340 00 1 2S3 81 1 157 10' 115 2*! 541 SO 1,404 07 [ 270 25 1.952 77 i oooso; 918 60 324 881 147 02i ■•■'A 18 1.008 80 git 4 ; SMJ7 vil VJ 387 IB 855 37 215 22 472 13 28715 417 80 2!)1 171 iff iSfl $4,113 00 l)0t) 80 1,332 M 628 70 548 30 1,072 80 1,782 90 420 30 38 70 4,097 70 • 790 20 3,287 90! 65170! 3,838 70, 2.158 401 378 00 1, W« 00 1 785 U) 2,714 40 i 6,288 10 702 00 7, one So 88150 367 211 B7nno 1,380 00 MX 40 630 011 4,637 BO 1,827 20 2,131 20 7*6 90 343 80 1,242 !al 2.34H no 544 60 1.226 8U 2.073 80 855 00 1,989 UU 502 20 1,008 90 822 80 072 00 878 60 ft eg S3 813.115 00 to mi 8,046 00 4,320 00 600 00 7,426 00, 6,79000 3,230 00 8»l)0t| 00,000 00 4.216 m;. 19,0011 84 3.0-10 00 8. WOO 6,195 oo; 1,896 00 13,370 00 1,606 00 (380 0* 9*5 00 460 00 Y,3(>6'66 1.820 00 360 09 8.Y50 0U 750 00 3,100 00 350 00 940 00 1,616 CO 2.165 00 5,100 00 $32,084 10 $74,807 70 $400,378*4 11,725 00 3.131 mi 15,3*9 00 2,800 00 97600 4,800 00 l,\s 8,088 00 2 600 00 21,190 00 18.030 00 13,880 00 23,646 00 2.160 00 27,400 OO 8,8*0 00 4.000 0(1 10,160 00 2,0311 00 3.225 00 6,000 »n 8*0 00 1,320 00 557 00 74 00 1.580 00 800 nil 07 no 646 00 2,480 00 548 00 440 00 ■J, 838 42 4.600 00 2,128 Oil 2,872 00 220 OIJ 1,810 00 at ao 545 00 l,3»60O 808 ao 500 (Hi T A 11 LB No. 3. COUSTIE3, U is 1,157 430 808 235 2fi5 451 K:i7 300 85 •Mi BCO 934 143 525 710 3W 1.055 647 ., 770 430 450 244 606 108 M 750 BM| 4 12 1,143 !«» +mi 8*H 847 1,050 806 525 533 843 456 803 350 rtv. 241 095 556 — ± el, ! H ha a " j M #!-'.-> 00 4.372 50 4,170 71 2.311 50 I ;>uooo 27,72000 4,862 44 14.07986 2,030 00 7.644 50 ii.tkAJ DC 15,835 SO 244 IK fi.Wl 25 8,31300 ::.22:; 25 S.5W5 2i 7,7;:. im 83ft CO 424 41 IS,1(« 86 4,866 75 21,50843 7,704 (W 10.08288 lit, 41 XtiJM 5,013 M 18,32500 15,46002 5,785 85 0.412 67 1,983 81 7,049 42 7,358 OU 1,670 00 13,87600 2,174 94 2,91 1 (XI 3,108 00 31+ (OS ■c 9 Q| 3 ^ ° u a a « •5** * 8125 00 3(.0 00 350 00 100 08 3oooci 460 00 300 00 30000 1,200 00 475 00 900 on 80 00 5Q0Oi; 800 W 480 i.iei 60000 325 00 ooo oe 2OO0O OUOOO 480 00 IM>00 200 00 900 00 774 00 800 00 '.(00 00 400 00 61002 1,100 1X1 80000 7S8 -JS 600 80 438 27 400 00 000 00 600 00 548 00 100 on 4.VI00 175 00 200 00 240 00 «£ "a s - 5 i 5 3 2 < M 2d 3 i fl - — 1,189 430 SR2 230 319 441 757 272 M 9-40 750 tm; 155 487 621 888 986 stn 457 401 288 47rf 78 LBO 753 5.50 430 957 362 007 Wtt5 2»fl i osa 659 472 556 754 5-10 740 353 644 SO 57H 422 #114 80 310 80 78 BO 324 08 143 00 107 69 174 W 50 00 300 00 400 34 2IW20 93 00 314 Oil LOS 00 sao oo 65 00 278 40 888 88 83] 80 837 IS 237 60 4.V1 IB 'jr.',' ::o tOl 8« 430 60 BOO >'.l 412 00 M*01 281 00 35100 4'J4 40 lis 40 257 20 '228 00 189 00 258 SO 83 60 21103 Bradford , H0 0O ISO 06 50 W 759 82 1,104 *■* 7,-, :t-. 100 00 10,8000(1 12 45 1,81454 347 IS 817 63 SIS 89 151 88 400 W 10 OO 549 80 80s as 101 14 Lake * 88 16 2,211 'X> 140 KB 4BS Si 1 448 04 235 55 83000 • Polk 74 ::. 331 00 119 65 337 Wi 3,607 SI 384 5+ Suwannee. . . 888 88 15 00 Volusia Wakulla io no 40(H) B2U» Walton 544 65 15,568 14,884 30 Table No. 4. COCNTIBS. a « 2- - °ss Hi ill 7. c 1. o a Ji.s Is so 1474 46 141 45 64 144 744 51 I- Q i- B K IB II m 3 I! SB 8 1 13 1439 99 281 40 101 ]S6 811 SB 47 S 4 6 8 24 :; 67 / linker 35 47 81 90 Clay 3 10 A 38 40 28 JJoval | 1170 1214 50 73 50 9 1 10 5711 99 MB 323 !I- 153 1004 ui;, 14 1S6S 24U 75 8BJ 823 35 1411 250 400 S36 m m 500 8 US 337 1MB 533 10 -'42 110 60 129 em 1005 121 15*5 7 tH'.i 1500 SO 147B 243 77 7 803 830 1437 333 563 299 34 « 538 e 318 344 219 ete 15 201 120 71 131 31 4 34 V B 1 U so 1 33 10 1 15 48 1 48 5 23 14 1 4 13 • 13 U- 24 1 14 8 4 5 40 6 a 54 17 1 70 36 a 2 38 :« 41 33 30 11 i s 3 (J 9 03 53 34 75 15 45 s 74 23 Polk B 3 3 4 1 5 3 1 2 63 60 3B 43 51 39 48 IS Wnkulla , 61 18 Walton .5 I 30 80 137 16,918 16,078 620 1,793 81 Table So. 5— C«ssr» or School Population, isS3. ■ ■ a 5 9 e St & ■ □ a 9 1 .3 M » a* ■*M 3 * a i a a s it 9 P <4jf * I B a V s ^= j cousTrEs, - ~ 3% - - 3 —. Jiff* .£ O v. a a Saf 3 3-J - 1 _ -_ i ■*■ OS c _: — = cv i 1 , w . u . be « .a , iff . :l ; j : - S a a a o = O i? c «- 3 - SS ! z 8S6B 1104 z S5 * SB as 2; /■• Z 1345 4453 863 4310 .583 3696 958 5067 Ml Baker 1 5 13* 3143 I860 11*1 lOOfi 1842 303 2 4U 807 Brevard 1117 873 :'. M 493 8*5 139 3 38 103 875 <tt> m 390 Ml 217 8 71 Clay vm an 903 7S5 IMS 1 1 b3 Columbia 4m ::S75 MM 20112 2341 20158 1 1 72 768 7411 1111 0S9 101 411 77 30* 42 877 11* 72 B 0! 3 14 >-039 7300 4104 3035 3318 US! 39 32 163 1240 2043 17S6 iosa 955 2018 35 7 21rt Escambia .... MM tan aw; 2922 3254 2614 1 2 92 750 Franklin 7!5 852 361 *S8 237 *J 160 Gadsden . 5091 K113 2539 2502 1603 MM 12 ra Hamilton. . . . 28*8 9*98 1474 1373 17S7 I uri'.i 1 1 37 8« Hernando 821 779 4JS 400 571 350 7 12 Hillsborough. 4014 3523 2142 l*-2 3395 619 1 0* 753 Holmes 1642 1432 .852 7110 1586 56 9 2 31 136 .laekson mm 3983 1944 1761 195*1 1749 17 B lM 148 7719 6793 4 1 01 3018 i-ct MM I 8 43 459 Lafayette 14S0 1308 s-;- as 1412 OS 1 1 S*i 360 Leon MOB 7672 4011 4397 8*2 Si. J*) !> 1 IM 775 LeTy lsi>7 iea« 1007 MO 1260 637 M 335 Liberty 458 410 331) 3 IN 333 ■J BS 11 4 45 374 310 203 186 367 a 5 45 MM 2401 131S 129^ 2022 8M 1 2 51 337 Madison ..... 4441 333 22s« 21.35 1865 MM 87 *8S Manatee 708 888 •;;-j 330 662 40 7 M 7843 68B4 3070 MM 3389 4472 8 8 213 10«3 5979 4479 3111 3141 1Mb m 75J. 3450 27K7 17**} 106* 1644 1800 3 6 31 44S aisi 2870 1MB 1490 3378 4 0. 10 231 934 917 491 483 879 75 10 98 Polk. 3055 JTt.c 1V---J 1433; SMI 388 1 57 174 Patnam 3040 3737 1490 1450 1117 lSS 45 37, Pasco 1311 123* 718 .v..-, 1299 12 1 0| s St .lotltl". 2445 2109 1036 1073 1410 699 37 133 Santa Rosa... 2908 8MB 1901 1307 2170 2 BO M Sumter 1452 1373 795 657 1019 483 01 s 53 Suwannee 3335 2067 1351 1084 1496 saw 8 3 *03 Taylor 10731 926 1 590 483 1021 52 26 23* 1972] 1S4S 1034 943 150* 468 1 21 IM Wakulla 871 753 388 362 556 315 2 10 105 Walton 1509 12751 812 6971 1368 3*1 Oj 2 Washington.. 1389 1210 715 624 1130 219 1 35 23* Totals 129,112 118,8*7 53.812 H3J300' 68,514 60,598: s.. ST uu 12..VS* 32 LIST OF SOPEHIMEIDEKS OF COMMON SCHOOLS. POST OFF J CX. W. N. SHEATS Gainesville. BAKER HRADFOKU G.R. BLAIR JOSEPH L. HILL McClennv. Lake B-stk-r. BKEV \KD JOE1NU SAMS Courtney. CALHOUN F. M. ATKINS.. CITRUS E. A. HARRISON CLAY E. E. RAWLIN E. tf. PERSONS ALBERT M. FIELD H, E. CARLETON Green Cove Spring. Fort White. Lake Worth. Fort Green. COLUMBIA IJeSOTO DUVAL. . WM. M. LED WITH N. B. COOK ESCAMBIA FRANKLIN GADSDEN HAMILTON' , WM.T. MARLER. C. E. L. ALLISON GEO. J. GRAHAM U». J. R. TEMPLE L W BUCHHOLZ WHITMILL HURRY WM. if: FARKiOR. . Xpalachicola. Quincy. HER NAN DC Brtmkbvllle. HILLSBOROUGH. HOLMES Bloomingdale. [zugora. 'JiirapbelltOB. Aucllla. Sew Trov. Tavares. JEFFERSON LAFAYETTE LAKE J. A. WALKER JOHNC. COMPTON D. C. KxNTZ N W EPPE* LEON Fort Myers. LEVY SHELTON PHILLIPS T.J. GREGORY LIBERTY Bristol. MADISON R. L. WILLIAMS M VN1TEE E. M. GRAHAM MARION MARION L. PAYNE FERNANDO F1GUENED0. EPHRIAM HARRISON JOHNT. I31CEKS MONROE Key West. Dj*& ORANGE J. V.SPEARS R. M. RAY Dade Clly. Lnktland. FOLK PETER ARNOW PUTNAM Pniatba. Ht. JOHNS St. Augustine. Milton. SANTAROSA.. GEO. W. CURTIS SUWANNEE C. WHITFIELD A. W. MIZELL. JOnN R. KELLY N. 8 C. PERKINS R. F. FORBES..... JOHN A.CAMPBELL L. L- CHARLES Sumterville. TAYLOR Spring Warrior. DeLano". VOLUSIA WAKULLA WALTON Craw ford ville. KoxHllL Vernon. 1 i 1 1 — T 33 Table No. 6. Lift of Teachers holding First-class Certi Scales, Term 5 jenra from date of i Kiibt-rl Siewart Win Li'iia Marios n B Wnlioii J B Wneli J M Sttfwwl I) Y Hoyte F W Hirtletle W G JoIiufod R MSmiU) A I! »:irt! Mr? M»rj U WunbitigluD.,. Mrs A A Washington Tlifn er - .-Mrs H K Ingram Mi*t> Louisa Tucker. J C H L'mird Abner V Ol linger ... A W Peek -Roht M Ray J H ttirardr.tu _ •u v F-ikci *r K II fiilison R V Graham %\. His a Biker K M Brldgi-n EstelU- Willis Knmci sen Hunt W R Temple W K Vaughn Cora CbaBC • Fauulc M Tborne. J li Lyman Henry E Graham ; Florence Mcllraine. . ... Henry Mevy Will S Pitch A Euloe T Ho] I logs worth Wm B Catbcart Geo W Eatherly i John P Patterson, "'FGSbell MrsE J Wilson Ml«s Laura McKlnlay Laura E Dyer Geo W Housioun (colored) Hultie. Stewart --j-F L Shl]'Wortb Mies Ida Wood Mlas Julia A Edwards. Emily M Blackmail Fannie Henderson , UB Hail Mrs W K TUomas Miss A u iiia LeBarron CFDe L&tfaleo Annie M Hardv 3d POST OFFICE. CoUSTT, Cedar Keys, Anthony. ^lign.' ... :r. Muniictllii. Tallahassee. Apalaclileola. Tampa. I iimpa. Kiesiramce. Auopkn. San Antonio. IstachattM. !• u>tis. Euatis. Eustis. Citra. Manatee. Cedar Key a. Lake City. Mount Dora. Glenriale. Snmterville. Kali gel I lit::. Dude City. Penan coli. Lake Butler. Pen &a coin. Pensacoln. Tarpon Springs Live Oak. Miltou. While Springs. Mount PI ua aim. Lloyda. Willlston. Bluff Bprlngs, Concord. Craw ford vl He, Pensacols,. Brooks vi lie. DeLand. Ai irllBJI. jiil'ttin rough Brad lord. f ii&i ge. Orange. Grunge. < 'range. Orange. Orange, Levy. Duval. Duval. Duval. Duval. Duval. Marlon. Sumter. Hernando. Ji fferbon. Le«n Franklin. IlillplHtruagb. Hillsliorougb. Hernando. Hernuoiio, 1 'range. < I range. range, Marion. Manatee. Levy. Orange. Orange, Sum I it. Grange, Hernando Ef omnia. Biailford. Escnrnbia.. Escambia. Hillsborough . 3u wanner, Santa Rota. Hamilton. Gad-den. Jefferson, Lovy, Escambia. Gadsden. Wakulla. Escambia. Hernando, Volusia. r^pi 10. '884. *ipt HI, iWt xpt in, ]f*H, r-Bi-l 11'. 1**4. PeUI 12. 188*. S. pi 1-- IW**, Oct 1*, 1884. Oct 14, 884. Oct 14, 1*S, Nov aw. 1884. No* a, i-*q. N.pvL'S, 1884. Nov SO, 188*. N. v25, 1884, NovSS, 18-4. (JO S IHHrt. Oil 8, l OctV. 1885. Oct 10, 1885. Oct 10, 1885. Oct 10, \m\ No? 3, ISM. (Nov 8, 188.*, Nov ,••:, 1885. Dec 4. 1NS5. J n 1, i«NI Jan 3, ISNfl, .full 9, IK8B Feb II, l*8fl. Pel. 11, 188«. F. b 11, 1880, June lt>, 188P, Aug 2, 1888. Aug 2, 1*86 ■»ug 10, 1886. Nov 10, 1886. Nov 11, 1888. Nov 11, 1B80. Nov 12, 188f> Nov 20. 1886. Dec 30. la-a. Dec 24, 1888. April 81, 1887. April 21, 1887. March 33, 1887. Maicb II, 1887 March «, 1887. - March U. 1887. March SB, 1887. Mareh 2», 1887. March 26, 1887. Mirch 25, 1887. March 85, 1887. Marcb 25, 1887 Marcti 25. 1887. M»v 3, 1887. April 28, IS87. 34 L'st of Teacher* Ht.ItHlUf Fh>t-cl*«« rertllicft'es — Cotitlnu- d. Ellen F Mmphy V. J Iti'li! Florida A -in ul B uln Budwte Mr- Amine \1 Orico .. Hunter H W Iberry. .*-f. Win Ur* Woodward II D II ■wru). Mis* i 'oiirlney W Me ide Mis> LeUaO Burnett Wri Sir ill K M SeinMer .1 II IH « mend Y .. spj l K-rii.. *:: John M F Ernriii B VV HeUviision M *■■ Mary C Ryder , . , . MliisSniub Dngvr MtM Nellie W tvil.nu. . . \nni-i B Kins .' H W l> luillv -Iiibll RrmiCtl (JruilTL' P Olell -H-y Frank P**ca. ....,..£". M C Ul-ii I. ir<i H Wiirrhier J. Mr- E 8 Wnrriner R.ilit t* P.Smrle, 1)1.1) A F Bisimlt in-i .■ Kbn l.i'i'ft A lVooien Hr-l H Wallace S H Rilev Henr? K Mei'ilitb Hi** "Cnl«T Zelnler J S Curcton W H Bdlton.. Mi" Ciirric June Abbnlt 8T WiillilN J 11 Powell ., Mint* A unit; Hafee •• Ml-w l.-.iiisi O'Brli-n .. Daniel Ilidllngur. C P Snmmer.itl S Neville Thompson Mt>n Amijr SwearliureTi..,. 8 CoiupLon M W Lewaej -T M b< ■ ivncy. ,,•,•,.,..,.••• Miin P.m'iiie KuL'ee *]i L HnlMfwm ■ Mi«»M N Look Mi-s H-lk' II Willimnn Miss Omens Thomas W B Thnmn Ren hen W-tldron Irvi II Wftklron . . . Miss M May Taylor, N P Collin* n"(irjri! g SUlilrt Klcm G Torrey J L Hi.llinswurib..... tost owria. Sun Antonio. Crown Point. Jiicksooiille. JiiekHDijviik-. flui't City. Winkcrii ill. full thACiec. Wanke'imh, Tnltahttfgnn T;tllllQ;l9*«e. Eustis. Katerprfce. M:llli*llll. Campbell: oa. Welhitru, F,.u White. ZelHrood, Oilimdo. \|i»l:icliic id i. Twlhikisftre. Till.iliniwee. .fiieksu' villi'. J ich«o>ivtlte. iIaok«iinvillB. Rronksvllle, Brtxik-vilkt. s*-nuiff-y. Lee*hure. BriMtkarUle. Kruoks villi'. B-ook-vtlle. Live Oak. Qutncy. L'iai«r. Bloomtleld. T.imim BliHiinQi-td. Bloom (Mi!. HI (>i mi Held. RIomulieM. Bt"iiitDtie.ld. Btii<>uilic!d. •*arasi)ta. Bartow. Rurtow. Pud seen! ft. .tack*onviIlc Fort, Meade. Fort Meade. Fort Meade. Lnkekinl, Hernando. Oaatgr. DllVlll. Duval, Hillslmr'Ujih. Ji Tier.-wii. i v"'i. Jefferson. Lrun. Leon. [dike Vi.:ll~hl. ^laili^ou. .) ickeou. Suwannre. saw uiiiee. irnnjfe. Online Frii- k] in. Leon. • iron. I J 11V il . 1)111'. ll. I'uvnl. Hit n undo. Herunnilo. Aluetvuii. I.iki-. IliTltlTld I. HiTTIH' do. llern.iiJii, Suit. i n nee. liii.Jsile-i- ■'uillter. L -ke. Hll'sborottub l.-ik», Lakp. I.ak". Uk.'. Like. I.:ike Manatui'. Polk. L'k.'. Polk. Polk Esciinlhift. Dnval. Polk. Alielino. Aieehua. Polk. Polk. Polk. \Iiirion. Polk. fi.lk. ime*^, IH-*T. Jaly ». 1**7. A»!TU8t 18 I.SI7 August I^K l>*8T. .lii-iucl 19. 1S<. Aau'U-.t '■£*. 18S7. Aiurii 1 19. 18*7. 3epi 4, 1SST. Attipist L»l> 18S7. rteoi '.'1. 1M8X -it-lit SI, l**7. tiecsa lanr. Decl, is<7. Junt^ ir>, tv 1 *". Dee. 23, l*S7. ii t h.tsJ 1X87. Sfo» i'.», iK s.«a3. Doe -'. 18817 i Itt IS, !Sf7. Ck'l 15, 1S«7, Oct 11'. 18OT. Oct 19. IHtMT. ue I t9,48H7. ii,.; 81, 1887. (i.-i iJil, 1H87 Oct 81. I**7. Oct 81. 1887. Oft 38, 18V7. <Jct a9, 18H7. Oct 39, 1887. Dec SI, 1687. Oct 8, 1.h-i7. in- rf.«tlM7. Feti t, iSB'j p-,.1,1, 1888. April 8, 18St. pri I 8. 18.8S. A|iril 8. 1888. A|.til 8, 1-m Ajtri' *■ ,rts4 April 8, 188S. i-.'i. IS, 1808. Mnv 38. 1888. April It), 1888. M iv 88, 18,^. Mnv ;», 1888. Jiii'h- 18. 1888. June 89, 18881 July 18, 188a July 14, 1R88, July 14, 1888. Jalf 14, 1S88. M.iv 1, 1S.*S. Hu 1. 1*88. August 1, 1888. . JuWdJl. 1S88 'August 1,1883. IMiL'ust a, 18.8H. I August 4, 18«. I 35 Lint <if Teichere O-ilttlnfj First-class Ccrllfica'ei — Coollriucd, post OFFICE. 1. W B<icli»bf Tampa. W H ."atnuier-ill. Mr« Mamie U Tliom is Marlmiim. jame* M Owens Mm i I la . Paiiiite F Owens Matillii. i H Tuite. Peameola. HenirrO Lnwson Ki*»imm , e. Jcia A. Evans Muss riluff. J H Bailey Pjil.itksi J W i'utiiiti O.iklund. J M Bheitor Odin. Miss Alice M Fatherly Lnltfwood. .Lime* Rimers I, B Vtul en Piilatfck. Miss Genu Stewurf nilton. W li Atllsurt Mill- ii. Mr? M.nv M.trt Allison Ap j spk«. Mr H F VVilker Auburn dale. Wnt T BitinrrmiiQ R K Emitter Aatituuln. Mt>R Mait^ieS Underwood.. Brmiksville. - J111.I.1I1 V«T:I.... UemHil. Win Hollo way La Crosae. W J Borden ., Oxford. F UBekiont Kiteimmee. 8iiti \L -dik-nti Klutmmee. D W Wren B -How. C IV II n simian Ur.in^e CitT. ^JHK.ilkc ■ enter Hill. f W F V.pciHP Birlow. .1 IV Moure ...,Sr... I\il:iika. Mrs A E Kuisr Bagdad. Miss Lizzie Itiiiisey. toper, M i M J ul 1 1 Mi rusey jasper. A J Wood rViliiika. J S Freeman I'al itki. Miss Urt» Oli.ud Center Hill. Bartow. Bartow. Bartow. Khwlnimee. Richland. 1 Hiipola. M.iiniiifld. Dade City. Bn'tow. Wui H Kern Mrs Alice? I) Kern J.'lui .S'i'i.Mv Win T Lata*! Mi*- Mamie B Riyr. MtM MettOTM Murphy Mis* Ruby Brooks. A H 11 iv. tier NnDlo Hatter Mr- U B Al-sunil r. . Sarnh t,e! ind Carter. liiiaiwille. D F M Pruvenee BartOW. I-IM.-I il l|) Wolf !>.Im|,,. Ilill-horuuiTb Lake. Jackson. Orange. Orange- Escambia. Pot nil b>. Orunze. Marian. Oruoire. Wul ton. I'm M nil. -.1111.1 R'B.l. Santa Bonk Or.inKe. folk. Leon. Lake. Hernando. DcSotu. Ai.u'linn. Sumter. Osceola. I )- Cfttlll. Pn.k. Vuluctl. Mlnilcr. I'u Ik. Pulimm. Sania Hoea. fliimili.in. 1 [amlrtoil. Put nam. Putnam. Su inter. Polk. Polk. Polk OlTlliU. Pasco. Pa-ro, >'■■■■ U. Lake. P. -Ik. Aiacbiia. Polk. Vulusja. Allir4, 188X Am; IS, 1888. A tig :;0, 1888 Auk 31, 18U8. Auiiai, issu ui-mi, mss. 80.1 1, 1888 sk.pt I. Sept ft, 1888. Sept 7, iss-i. Sm 1 I, 1888 Sepl 7, issB. Bept T. I8S8. Sej.l 17, 1888. Bept 17 3eptl7, 1^87, Sopt 17, IS*?. < Pot '-*, m-^, 1 >ct 3, 1S88. Oa -i. !->^ O.-t 2. lSVi Oct is, isaa ■ o« it;, i»* (let 17. 1888. < >et an. ■ itwi Xov B. lS!*>i. N..T 10, I • Sov 1(1, 18S8. Nov 1H. 1888 N'ov 111, 1888. Nov St l*iS8. Not 31 Not 37, 1 H8« . Dee I, ■ Dee S, 1888. Dec 8, E88S. I lee 4 . Dee 7. • !858. De >. 1----S, Dec 8, l*it Dee 8. Dec II, 1838. Dee 14, Dee 17. IS-iS. D-i --'I. 1894 J in -J I T~ 1 ~4 LETTER. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education, Washington, 1), ft, Xovember 8, 1888. Tlie S&norable the Secretary of the Interior, Washington, D. C: SrR : I Lave the honor to forward herewith a monograph upon the History of Education in Florida, by Prof. George Gary Bush, Ph. D. (Heidelberg). This is one of the series of Contributions to American Educational History, edited by Prof. Herbert B. Adams, Ph. D., of Johns Hopkins University, the preparation of which you approved by your letter of March 29,' 1888. This monograph, though written to accompany the series of histor- ical papers upon higher education "in the United States, treats not alone of higher education in Florida. Its purpose is to set forth, hi addition, the growth and development of -the cchool system of the State, and to emphasize particularly the rapid advance made in all educational matters during the past decade. Beginning with the earliest organized efforts to furnish instruction uuder the auspices of educational societies, and the attempt to intro- duce the system of Fellenberg, a review is given of the journals of the Legislature previous to the adoption of the Constitution of 186.'', and such facts are presented as bear upon the subject of education. The legal organization of the school system, as it existed previous to the Civil War, is thus shown, together with the history of the school lands donated to the State, and the funds by which the schools were in part or wholly sustained. The point is made that the early legislation with reference to schools, though effected largely by men of wealth, was for the benefit princi- P^Mof the children of the poor. Wtention is called to the establishment in 1852 of the first public school to be sustained by a tax levied upon individual property, and (though no uniform system had been secured) to the great improvement made during this decade in the condition of the schools. 3 4 HISTOBT OF EDUCATION IN FLORIDA. The War era passed, the elaborate system of common schools provided for in the State Constitution of 1868, and by legislative acts in 1869, is reviewed at length, and the substance of these provisions embodied in the monograph. The favor with which the system was apparently received, and the rapidity with which the State board and the county boards were organ- ized and entered upon their duties, are touched upon, and then a his- tory is given of the development of the system, of the opposition which it later encountered,*of the lack of competent teachers, as also of school buildings and school funds, until an era of brighter promise is reached. From that period, less than a decade ago, the progress made in public school education has been most satisfactory, and it is shown that the aggregate results will bear favorable comparison with the educational statistics of any of the States. Statistics are given which place in con- trast the earlier and later years, and exhibit the rapid increase in the number of schools, iu pupils, and funds. Mention is made of the valua- ble aid rendered to the State by annual contributions from the Peabody Fund and other agencies organized for like purposes. The duties of the State Superintendent of lust met ion and of the Board of Education, of the county boards and county superintendent, of the loca I trustees, and the teachers employed in the common schools are defined, and the relations they sustain to one another indicated. The admirable work done by Northern societies, by the State, and by the agent of the Peabody Fund for the education of the.freedmen, from the year in which the War closed until schools for colored chil- dren were placed upon an equal footing witii the other schools of the State, is traced at some length, while the eagerness of the freedmen to learn aud the progress they have made is noted, and a history of some of the more important schools established for them is briefly given. During the past five years nothing else has done so much to elevate the standard of education in Florida as the efficient aid rendered by teachers' institutes aud normal schools. These instrumentalities, which owe their success, in large measure, to the earnest labors and wise supervision of the present Superintendent of Public Instruction, are described and their importance to the existing educational system ac- knowledge*! . Eeferenoe is nest made to the academies established before the War, and to the present condition of the high schools, which, with a single exception, do not compare favorably with schools of like name in the older States. Ah With a statement of the public lauds received froih the N^^i-d Government for the establishment of "two seminaries of learning" and an agricultural college and university, the paper takes up the his- tory of secondary and higher education. This begins with an act of the Legislature in 1851, in which it is provided that "Two seminaries of learning shall be established, one upon the east, the other upon the LETTER OP THE COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION. 5 west aide of the Suwannee Biver. " These seminaries were located, the one at Ocala (later removed to Gainesville), the other at Tallahassee, and long remained the only public high schools in Florida. Historical sketches of these institutions are introduced, showing the work accom- plished by them, their financial resources, the condition of the academic buildings and grounds, their educational appliances, and the character and attainments of their boards of instruction. Ho public institution of Florida has passed through so many vicissi- tudes or suffered so much for the lack of friends as the State Agricult- ural College. The endeavor has been made in this monograph to present with impartiality the facts of itB history, including the acts of various Legislatures with reference to its location, establishment, board of man- agement, and finances ; and evidence is adduced to show that it is now well worthy of the patronage of the State, possessing as it does an able and energetic faculty, commodious buildings and grounds, collections in natural history, mineralogy, and geology, a well-equipped laboratory, an experimental station furnished with excellent appliances for the study of agriculture, and a manual training school, which affords practice in working in wood and metal and the best facilities for draughting and de- signing, A page is devoted to the Florida University, with its meteoric appearance and brief history. The remainder of the paper is devoted to a description of the colleges founded and sustained by various religious societies, to which are added a brief mention of the State Institute for the Blind and Deaf, and ref- erences to certain schools wboso aim is to furnish a good secondary edu- cation. - Of the denominational colleges, Rollins College at Winter Park and De Land University at De Land, are placed in the first rank of the higher educational institutions of the State, and their history, as herewith pre- sented, shows tbat in the quality of their work, the devotion of friends, and increasing resources, promise is given of a successful future. I beg leave to recommend the publication of this paper as a Circular of Information, and to subscribe myself, Very respectfully, your obedient servant, N. H. K. Dawson, Commissioner.